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An Introductory Note On Cloud Solutions

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Rajeev Khade, VP & Global Head - IT, Sigma Electric Manufacturing Corporation

Rajeev possess more than three decades of professional experience, and operational excellence spanning across various Digitalization, IoT, Industry 4.0 Initiatives

A cloud based solution refers to on-demand services, computer networks, storage, applications or resources accessed via the internet and through another provider’s shared cloud computing infrastructure. The benefits of cloud based solutions to end users and businesses include increased capacity, scalability, functionality, and reduced maintenance and cost for computer infrastructure or in-house staff.

Cloud-based solutions can enable companies to focus on their core activities rather than on various activities to maintain & refresh the infrastructure. Cloud computer pricing models are categorized by servers in the cloud, sites/applications in the cloud, and various storage alignments. Now a day’s majority of cloud providers are offering “pay-as-you-go” subscription-based models which enable companies to closely manage costs as well as scale up and down as needed.

The ability to access cloud-based solutions from anywhere with an internet connection have given users the ability to access cloud-based solutions from anywhere and anytime. The adoption rate of cloud-based solutions has increased many folds in recent times. Also, it will continue to rise in various

types of industries. Due to the increase in compute-facility the price points have become affordable to small industries.

The various types of Cloud deployment are identified based on the way a cloud platform is implemented, how it is hosted, and who has access to it.

Public Cloud
Some public cloud examples include those offered by Amazon, Microsoft, or Google. These companies provide both services and infrastructure, which are shared by all customers. Public clouds typically have massive amounts of available space, which translates into easy scalability. A public cloud is often recommended for software development and collaborative projects. Companies can design their applications to be portable, so that a project that’s tested in the public cloud can be moved to the private cloud for production. Most cloud providers package their computing resources as part of a service and provide the same as (Infrastructure as a Service, or IaaS) to specialized software programs that are easy to implement and use (Software as a Service, or SaaS).

The most important advantage of a public cloud is its versatility and “pay as you go” structure that allows customers to provision more capacity on demand. Also on the other side, the essential infrastructure and operating system of the public cloud remain under full control of the cloud service provider. Customers may continue to use the platform under the terms and conditions specified by the service provider.

Private Cloud
Important differentiating factor of a Private cloud from a public cloud is that it usually resides behind a firewall and is utilized by a single organization. A completely on-premises cloud may be the preferred solution for businesses with tight regulatory requirements. Authorized users can access, utilize, and store data in the private cloud from anywhere, just like they could with a public cloud. The difference is that no one else can access it. Private cloud solutions offer both security and control, but these benefits come at a cost. The company that owns the cloud is responsible for both software and infrastructure. Such solutions normally work out to be a less economic model than the public cloud.

Hybrid Cloud
Hybrid clouds combine public clouds with private clouds. They are designed to allow the two platforms to interact seamlessly, with data and applications moving seamlessly from one to the other.

The primary advantage of a hybrid cloud model is its ability to provide the scalable computing power of a public cloud with the security and control of a private cloud. Data can be stored safely behind the firewalls and encryption protocols of the private cloud, then moved securely into a public cloud environment when needed.

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