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Intelligent Transportation System

Saloni Vijay, IT Head, Vodafone Idea Limited (Gujarat)

Saloni Vijay has a deep understanding of business and skilled to design solutions to meet business expectation from IT perspective. As the Head of IT operations, she is a strong decision maker and provides support for efficient business processes.

Economic development, affordability of vehicles and movement from rural to urban has rapidly increased the number of vehicles on road. Primarily, the ever-growing traffic congestion, high rate of pollution and higher instances of accidents are the major factors paving the way for countries around the world to adopt intelligent transport systems and consequently trim-down these critical issues. Cities are not equipped to handle the upsurge of traffic and hence resulted in high traffic congestion. Traffic delays represent a huge loss of revenue for business while creating frustration and stress for road users. These delays also damage the environment and increase emissions of greenhouse gases. While alternatives to road transport are currently being looked at by most countries, the use of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) could become increasingly more important.

Intelligent Transport system will be able to minimize traffic problems, energy conservation, and travel time, road safety with the help of information and communication technologies. Applications around ITS are dependent on data collection, data analysis and using the result of the analysis in a structured way to design solutions.

With the integration of smart city technologies, including sensors, connected vehicle technologies, and analytics, it is quite easy to optimize traffic patterns and reduce congestion as well as make transportation systems more efficient and reliable. Governments and technology experts continue to discover ways to improve the quality of life in these dynamic habitats, including the adoption of intelligent transport systems.

IoT (Internet of things) is transforming the transportation industry with the next generation intelligent transportation system that aids in optimizing logistics and fleet management, electronic toll collection, traffic management driver assistance as well as goods and services management. Plus, it helps in automating roadways, railways, airways and marine vessels.

Intelligent transportation systems are revolutionizing the way people and goods move through busy cities and traffic corridors.

In connected car system, manufacturers are putting integrated mobile SIM which can be connected to a server and that server is gathering data from the current traffic system. GPS integrated with the car will show the direction to reach to the destination by avoiding traffic or digging work.

M2M presents the world of transportation with an exciting future. It is easily the most significant factor that will help reshape the transportation industry over the next couple of years.

Role of M2M in the transportation industry can be:
Fleet management:
The most fundamental capability that M2M solutions provide is the ability to monitor

workforce, fleet locations and conditions in real time. This ensures that reporting and alerts are improved, thereby improving operational efficiency, reducing costs, controlling asset damage, reducing damage claims, meeting regulatory reporting requirements and significantly improving customer satisfaction.

Freight management:
For freight monitoring, M2M capabilities or telematics can provide data on location, temperature etc. in order to ensure that assets are secure. This includes automatic logging of data to prevent punitive regulatory action as well as help reduce damage to goods during shipment.

Intelligent transport system will be able to minimize traffic problems, energy conservation, and travel time, road safety with the help of information and communication technologies

Public transport management:
M2M capabilities ensure that citizens can access real-time data and receive accurate alerts on transport availability, traffic conditions, diversions, etc.

M2M solutions are becoming crucial to the transport industry. They are helping connect work forces, assets, enterprise systems, public/ government systems and end customers in a seamless stream of data, increasing the reliability of road and transport networks. This also presents a challenge before the transport and logistics organizations: to integrate a variety of systems in order to leverage the growth in sensors and devices that generate, collect and transmit data.

As networks become more complex and supply chains span different organizations, it will become imperative for the logistics and transportation industry to adopt M2M technologies and prevent congestion and global grid locks that can bring down entire businesses.

There is also an increased cost to society with inefficient transportation systems that impact the environment. These must be brought under control using automated M2M systems.

In addition, safety requirements are growing. This includes the safety of passengers in public transport systems, private transport, precious freight, etc. M2M systems can help mitigate the risk that they are exposed to.

Finally, end users want better end-to-end transportation solutions and increased visibility on the movement of goods. M2M systems can empower them, allowing them to make independent real-time decisions based on changes in their business or personal plans.

There can be a huge reduction in traffic queues if we can implement intelligent transport management controllers.

India has done few pilots related to ITS in some cities but yet to deploy full-fledged in the entire country. Some of the deployments are related to toll collection and capturing images of people violating traffic rules at the intersection points. With the advancement of technology, there should be multiple initiatives which should be taken by the government.

• Promoting Development & deployment of Intelligent Vehicle Safety system.

• Anticipatory active safety through automatic detection of crossing cyclist and pedestrian.

• Dynamic route guidance and navigation system.

• Traffic management in transport and logistics by intelligent route planning system for deliveries and freight management

• Electronic toll collection system should be installed at various locations to avoid bottlenecks at major routes and ensure seamless journey.

• Advance parking system and deployment of intelligent traffic system to reduce honking and noise pollution.

• Traffic jam alerts to the vehicle driver to alter the route.

• Automatic traffic management plan to reduce congestion during special events and festivals.

There are many physical, social, economic and administrative challenges in front of ITS to flourish in India. The journey has started but there is an urgent need to adopt this to manage better transportation. An important factor should be taken into consideration related to cyber security while developing and deploying any solution.

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