CIO Insider

CIOInsider India Magazine


Creating a Culture of Security Awareness

Mohit Kalra, Vice President and CISO, ORIX India

Mohit Kalra is a seasoned professional with over two decades of expertise in information security. As a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), he possesses hands-on technical proficiency in network security, system security, and security operations center audits. Holding esteemed certifications such as CISSP, CISM, CISA, PMP, and ISO 27001 LA, along with various product-specific accreditations, Kalra demonstrates a comprehensive understanding of diverse security domains. His passion lies in leading the Information Security Practice of organizations, where he designs and implements control to mitigate exposure to evolving threats. Over the past six to seven years, Kalra has been instrumental in spearheading information security practices for various organizations.

Leadership Support and Face-to-Face Interactions
One of the foundational pillars for fostering a culture of security awareness is obtaining unwavering support from top leadership. The Information Security Department, tasked with leading security initiatives, should be backed by organizational leaders who actively participate in security awareness programs. Leadership involvement is not only symbolic but practical, as it sets the tone for the entire organization. When leaders attend workshops, they convey the significance of security initiatives to their subordinates, emphasizing that security is a shared responsibility. Moreover, face-to-face interactions are underscored as crucial elements in effective security training. While digital platforms offer convenience, the immersive experience of traditional classroom settings cannot be overlooked. Workshops, where employees can actively engage, ask questions, and seek clarification, contribute significantly to knowledge retention. The involvement of leadership in these sessions not only reinforces the importance of information security but also creates a sense of accountability throughout the organization. Physical displays such as banners and standees play a pivotal role in reinforcing security best practices. In environments where email communication might not be as effective, these visual aids serve as constant reminders. The importance of tailoring communication methods to the organizational culture is emphasized. Recognizing the diverse communication preferences within an organization ensures that security messages reach all employees, regardless of their work context.

Measuring the Effectiveness of Security

Awareness Programs
Assessing the impact of security awareness programs involves employing key performance indicators (KPIs). Phishing simulation exercises are highlighted as valuable tools for evaluating employee preparedness against social engineering attacks. Metrics such as email opening percentage, click rates on embedded links, and the percentage of employees providing credentials in simulated phishing scenarios serve as indicators of vulnerability. Establishing targets for these metrics allows organizations to benchmark their security awareness efforts. Encouraging employees to proactively report incidents is another crucial KPI. A higher volume of reported incidents indicates increased vigilance among employees and a better understanding of potential threats. Additionally, tracking actual security incidents resulting from phishing attempts provides a tangible measure of program effectiveness. Incorporating periodic tests, separate from phishing simulations, is recommended to assess employees' comprehension of security principles. These tests, administered through cost-effective platforms offer insights into the overall awareness level within the organization.

Leveraging Emerging Technologies in Security Awareness Programs
As information security evolves, integrating emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) becomes imperative. Outsourcing security operations, including the security operations center (SOC), to specialized providers with AI and ML capabilities is presented as a cost-effective strategy. The expertise of external providers ensures effective monitoring, incident response, and threat detection, particularly in environments lacking in-house technical expertise. Tailoring phishing awareness campaigns using AI-driven tools is emphasized to simulate diverse and sophisticated attack scenarios. These tools create targeted and realistic phishing emails, providing employees with a more authentic learning experience. Adapting security awareness programs to leverage AI and ML capabilities ensures relevance in a dynamic threat landscape.

Leadership support is key, face-to-face training enhances immersion. Visual aids and AI integration amplify awareness. Continuous learning is vital for resilience.

Addressing Emerging Threats and Challenges in Information Security
The proliferation of tools and the associated increase in costs emerge as a central challenge for security professionals. To address this challenge, a holistic approach is recommended, including outsourcing where necessary to manage costs effectively while maintaining a comprehensive security posture. The advent of AI-to-AI attacks is highlighted as a prominent emerging threat. As attacks become more sophisticated and automated, the need for robust AI and ML capabilities in defense mechanisms becomes paramount. Staying ahead of emerging threats requires continuous learning, global threat intelligence, and a proactive approach to security operations.

The Impact of Continuous Learning on Security Professionals
Security professionals stay informed by subscribing to national and international Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) and regulatory bodies. Ensuring compliance with industry regulations and standards is foundational for staying ahead of evolving threats. Active participation in security communities and professional networks provides real-time updates and facilitates knowledge sharing within the industry. Networking with peers and experts is a valuable strategy for staying informed about emerging threats and vulnerabilities. Regular attendance at security conferences and webinars is crucial for gaining insights from industry experts and staying abreast of the latest trends. Actively participating in these events ensures a continuous learning process for security professionals. In conclusion, building a culture of security awareness requires a multifaceted approach that combines leadership support, effective training methodologies, and the integration of emerging technologies. Measuring effectiveness through KPIs and addressing emerging threats necessitates continuous learning and proactive strategies.

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