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Robots In Manufacturing Industry

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Rajeev Khade, Vice President - Global Information Technology, Sigma Electric Manufacturing Corp. Pvt. Ltd

Rajeev possess more than three decades of professional experience, and operational excellence spanning across various Digitalization, IoT, Industry 4.0 Initiatives.

The main reason that Robots are used in manufacturing is to create efficiencies all the way from raw material handling to finished product packing. In the process, Robots protect workers from repetitive, mundane, and dangerous tasks.

Robotic Automation has found its way into many different areas of manufacturing. Robots perform tasks like welding, assembly, shipping, handling raw materials, and product packing. More and more manufacturers are leveraging robotic automation for a wider number of applications.

Typical applications of robots include welding, painting, assembly, disassembly, pick and place for printed circuit boards, packaging and labeling, palletizing, product inspection, and testing; all accomplished with high endurance, speed, and precision.

What are the Major Reasons to Invest in Robots?
The major reasons to invest in Robots range from reduced operating costs to improved product quality & quality of work for employees, increased Competitive Advantage, increased production output, increased product manufacturing flexibility, reduced waste and increased yield, and improved health & safety.

Today most robots are used in manufacturing operations; the applications can be divided into three categories: (i) material handling, (ii) processing operations, and (iii) assembly and inspection.

Material Handling
Material-handling applications include material transfer and machine loading and unloading. Material-transfer applications require the robot to move materials or work parts from one location to another. Many of these tasks are relatively simple, requiring robots to pick up parts from one conveyor and place them on another.

Processing Operations
Some of the transfer operations are some-times complex, such as placing parts onto pallets in an arrangement that must be calculated by the robot. Machine loading and unloading operations utilize a robot to load and unload parts at a production machine. The design of the product is an important aspect of robotic assembly. Assembly methods that are satisfactory for humans are not necessarily suitable for robots.

Assembly& Inspection
Inspection is another area of factory operations in which the utilization of robots is growing. In a typical inspection job, the robot positions a sensor with respect to the work part and determines whether the part is consistent with the quality specifications.

The Growing Range of Applications
In all industrial robotic applications, the robot provides a substitute for human labor.

There are certain types of industrial jobs per-formed by humans that identify the work as a potential application for robots: e.g. (i) the operation is repetitive, involving the same basic work as & motions cycle; (ii) the operation is hazardous or uncomfortable for the human worker (e.g., spray painting, spot welding, arc welding, and certain machine loading and unloading tasks); (iii) the task requires a work part or tool that is heavy and difficult to handle; and (iv) the operation allows the robot to be used for different shifts.

Robotic Automation has found its way into many different areas in manufacturing. Robots perform tasks like welding, assembly, shipping, handling raw materials, and product packing. More and more manufacturers are leveraging robotic automation for a wider number of applications.

The Advantages Include Saving Money & Time, Less Installation Time And Cost, Make Up State-Of-The-Art Facilities, Quality Enhancements And Regulated Safety Standards That Translate To Savings On Labor Costs And Unscheduled Downtime, And Also 24/7 Operation

Although the robots offer certain advantages still manufacturers are skeptical and would like to get answers to: are robots too expensive for our business? Is our business too small to make use of robotics? Are robots difficult to program and operate? Will robotics cost human workers their jobs?

The simple answers to all these questions are “No.”
Robotic automation can be used across industries by many types and sizes of manufacturing businesses. The advantages include saving money & time, less installation time and cost, make up state-of-the-art facilities, quality enhancements and regulated safety standards that translate to savings on labor costs and unscheduled downtime, and also 24/7 operation, increasing production and minimizing downtime.

The Modern Robots
When it comes to robots, it’s important to look into the progress it brings into a manufacturing operation. The modern robots can be used in low- to medium-volume manufacturing environments. Thanks to the recent advancements, they can be programmed and set up for new tasks quickly. The modern robots are easier to program, which increases its usability even more. Needless to say, robotic automation offers manufacturers growing opportunities to save on costs, enhance production, and remain competitive.

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