CIO Insider

CIOInsider India Magazine


Navigating the Cloud: A Comprehensive Guide to Cloud Technology Trends

Kapil Makhija, Vice President, Technology Cloud, Oracle India

Kapil Makhija leads a team of highly skilled leaders who are helping customers take advantage of Oracle’s industry leading solutions in specialized fields of technology like cloud, autonomous database, analytics, blockchain, machine learning, digital assistants and much more.

In a conversation with Keerthana H K, Correspondent, CIO Insider Magazine, Kapil Makhija, Vice President, Technology Cloud, Oracle India., shared his views and thoughts pertaining to Cloud technology and also he discussed the strategies are to be employed to ensure high availability, scalability, and performance in a cloud environment.

How can we foster collaboration and communication between IT and other departments when implementing cloud solutions?
Cloud communication is vital for Indian enterprises aiming for digital agility. The growth of the Indian cloud market underscores the value of cloud-based communication solutions. As businesses modernize their operations, adopting cloud communication becomes crucial to remove existing roadblocks and enhance operational efficiency. The digital era also brings information overload, making it difficult to prioritize tasks and make quick decisions. Businesses relying on complex workflows and outdated technology risk errors that can impact efficiency, productivity, and profitability. Integrating cloud communications can benefit even small enterprises. Cloud communication services provide access to new technologies and tools from anywhere, using any device, offering unlimited possibilities for businesses.

How do IT professionals balance the need for innovation and experimentation with the need for security and stability in a cloud-centric IT environment?
Balancing security and innovation are a multifaceted challenge faced by organizations. This intricate balancing act generally involves three key steps: risk identification, formulation of a security strategy, and investment in technology and skill development. Establishing clear priorities is essential; discerning which aspects of software should remain stable and which can accommodate innovation is crucial. For instance, critical systems like financial transaction processing demand unwavering stability, while less critical features like user interface design may permit more innovative exploration.

Certain risks, such as shadow IT and unsecured cloud vulnerabilities, often go unnoticed beyond the security team's purview. Furthermore, safeguarding a business from threats and attacks necessitates substantial investments in technology and skills development. When security teams, the Finance department, and top management align on strategy and budget, the entire organization benefits.

Although it may be challenging, successful communication with senior management about security can be accomplished without much difficulty.

In your opinion, what strategies are to be employed to ensure high availability, scalability, and performance in a cloud environment?
High availability (HA) systems are meticulously crafted to maximize uptime and accessibility. The core principle behind HA is the elimination of single points of failure, ensuring that even if individual components falter, the application continues to run seamlessly and remains accessible. Most of the Cloud Infrastructure offering provides robust HA capabilities and adheres to best practices for building a reliable and resilient cloud topology. These services are instrumental in achieving and maintaining high scalability for enterprise applications. Designing high availability architecture involves careful consideration of three essential elements: redundancy, monitoring, and fail over.

Scalability is a pivotal feature of a well-rounded system, providing the flexibility to dynamically allocate or remove resources to match the current demand effectively. This elasticity ensures optimal resource utilization at all times.

Scalability is a pivotal feature of a well-rounded system, providing the flexibility to dynamically allocate or remove resources to match the current demand effectively.

In the realm of security and compliance, a comprehensive approach entails three fundamental strategies: design, monitoring, and optimization. These strategies operate iteratively and mutually reinforce each other. A successful monitoring strategy places significant emphasis on health modeling, encompassing activities that sustain the security posture of a workload through continuous monitoring, audit procedures, audit log acquisition and storage, security patching, incident response, and simulation of real-world attacks.

How can we foster a culture of continuous learning and development within the technology teams, especially in the context of rapidly evolving cloud technologies?
In the current fast-paced business environment, it's more crucial than ever to outperform competitors. One highly effective approach to achieve this is by fostering a culture of continuous learning within the company. Encouraging employees to consistently improve their skills not only benefits them personally but also significantly contributes to the overall success of the organization. Creating a culture of ongoing learning and development within technology teams involves several key steps, including:

• Identifying and addressing skill gaps among employees.

• Providing access to industry-specific training programs.

• Promoting collaboration and the sharing of knowledge.

• Setting clear learning goals and objectives.

• Cultivating a growth-oriented mindset among team members.

• Gathering feedback and continuously enhancing learning strategies.

By integrating these components into the organization's fabric, it becomes possible to excel and maintain a competitive advantage in today's rapidly changing business landscape.

How do business leaders incorporate emerging technologies including cloud into their business strategy?
The primary responsibility of technology providers is to ensure the seamless operation of a company's systems, supporting present-day business functions while preparing for the unprecedented challenges of tomorrow. The technology landscape evolves rapidly, making it challenging to stay abreast of emerging trends. The adoption of a perpetual "never-stop-learning" approach fosters receptivity to fresh insights, inventive methodologies, and progressive techniques.

Business leaders are often seeking help from their cloud providers to get the latest updates and apply them internally. We as a uniquely cloud solutions provider are positioned in the market offering an extensive set of applications, widely regarded as the world's most comprehensive and innovative suite of applications.

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