Technology and Green Revolution
For the mass attention received in the initiation and successful deployment of advancement methods to boost the agricultural productivity, Green Revolution has made its voice heard across countries before the heat of Second World War settled. It is considered to be one of the greatest technological innovations in the agrarian industry that swayed most of the countries to elevate from their harsh food crisis. One of the key leaders, Norman Borlaug was given the title ‘Father of Green Revolution’ and he received Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 for saving over a billion people from starvation.
The rightful engineering of technology in producing
the best outcome from the once green fields of Mexico yielded results that spread news across other nations facing agricultural crisis. The primary problems that countries faced during the Green Revolution were drought and water inefficiency caused by pollution. Green Revolution was devised with a prime focus in accelerating the production of foods such as cereals, wheat and grain. To achieve this, proponents of Green Revolution suggested the high use of fertilizers and chemicals, thereby providing excellent growing conditions. The breeding technologies included modern irrigation process, pesticides, and synthetic nitrogen fertilizers that could help in developing crop varieties developed using conventional and scientific methods of that time. Green Revolution unearthed technologies for the development of unique and novel wheat cultivars as well as maize and rice that were later referred to as high-yielding varieties or HYVs. IR8, the HYV rice developed by IRRI was the aggravated intensely in the 1960s food crisis that hit Asia.
During Green Revolution, researches and developments to improve agricultural techniques were introduced. The key one was the development of hybrid strains of wheat, maize and rice. Therefore, it can be considered as the continuing process of an intensive method of agricultural production based on advances in biology and chemical field. The revolution led by Norman Borlaug in agriculture amidst the tension of Cold War helped several nations in having food security and agricultural productivity using technologies leading to save the world from disastrous famine and hunger. Later on, significant advancements in improving agricultural methods, farming efficiencies and irrigational processes sprouted at different countries. Without the invention of such technological breakthroughs, crisis hit countries would not have had the ability to liberate from the dreadful food crisis.